. When we think of an apple, it is most likely the shiny, red fruit like the one from which Snow White took a fateful bite that comes to mind. In one version Heracles slayed the dragon and took the apples. When the horns sounded, the two shot forward and ran so fast their feet barely touched the ground. I would argue that the Eleventh Labor of Hercules conveys the message of the importance of "transcending realities" and of creating "new realities," and that seeing the myth's undeniable celestial foundation enables us to grasp this higher and deeper message, hidden in the delightful tale. In general, however, in the popular piety…, Legend, traditional story or group of stories told about a particular person or place. . In another version Heracles held the heavens while Atlas took the apples for him. . Several previous posts discuss the reason that the ancient sages who gave these myths to humanity chose to use the motions of the celestial realm in order to convey profound and otherwise difficult-to-grasp truths (see for instance: "Wax on, wax off," "Like a finger, pointing a way to the moon . The general shape of the outline seems to suggest that the ancients did understand the correlation of Atlas with Boötes, particularly as the right (rear) leg of the statue would correspond to the "pointed" side on the left of the constellation outline, while the raised left-leg of the statue (on the right side as we look at Atlas) corresponds to the bent leg of the constellation. They were usually three in number, Aegle, Erytheia, and Hespere (or Hesperethusa), but by some accounts were as many as seven. There is some reason to believe that the "tree" from which the Titan plucks the apples must be the invisible axis of the sky itself, the central "pole" around which the entire heavens turn. Is it possible that the sculptors of such ancient statuary envisioned the outline that we normally think of as the head of Böotes as the globe in this case (when Boötes is playing the role of the Titan Atlas, that is)?

. Jonagold Apple Info – How To Grow Jonagold Apples At Home, Green Apple Varieties: Growing Apples That Are Green, Red Apple Varieties – Common Apples That Are Red, Can You Grow Spices – How To Get Spices From Plants, Growing Spinach Inside – Indoor Potted Spinach Care, What Are Gratitude Flowers: Gratitude Flowers Activity Ideas, Is This Dracaena Or Yucca – How To Tell A Yucca From A Dracaena, Spinach Blue Mold Information – Treating Downy Mildew Of Spinach Plants, Bugs That Eat Nectarines – Tips For Controlling Nectarine Pests In Gardens, What Is A Patio Knife: Using A Patio Knife For Weeding, The Bountiful Garden: Bringing The Garden To Thanksgiving, Overwintering Containers And End Of Season Cleanup, Must Have Winter Shrubs – Top 7 Shrubs For Winter Interest, Enclosed Porch Garden – Indoor Gardening On The Porch. According to Hesiod, they were the daughters of Erebus and Night; in other accounts, their parents were Atlas and Hesperis or Phorcys and Ceto. Wikimedia commons (link). First, of course, is the very nature of the punishment of Atlas: he is condemned to hold up what Apollodorus refers to as "the sphere" and "the sky." The Greek scholar Apollodorus of Athens (born around 180 BC and lived until some time after 120 BC) gives us a good version to examine, which can be found in its entirety online here, as translated by James George Frazer (1921). All are economically important yellow apple trees and heavily exported. When Hercules sacrifices one of the oxen from this cart, the Herdsman can only curse -- and we have seen that in myths around the world, the relationship between Boötes and his cart is somehow associated with off-color speech or antics (see the discussion of the lewd dance of Uzume in the Japanese myth of Amaterasu, or the behavior of Loki when he is trying to coax a smile out of the jotun maiden Skade, both of which are described in this previous post). First, it is fascinating to note that the story involves plucking fruit from a tree . Does identifying the players of the famous Eleventh Labor of Hercules as constellations in our night sky (constellations you can go identify this very night) somehow "rob" the myth of its grandeur, its human drama, and its air of reverence for the things of the gods (including the apples which cannot be picked by human hands and which, we are told at the end of the account, cannot remain in the world of men and women but must be taken back to the world of the gods)? July 26, 2014 Perhaps the most memorable aspect of this particular myth-sequence is the battle of wits between Hercules and Atlas. Like a finger, pointing a way to the moon . He takes the place of Atlas, supporting with his own human back the very axis of the heavens (and in doing so uniting the microcosm and the macrocosm, as well as "ascending" for a time to the very realm of the stars). Having established this, what does it all mean? There, we read some scholarly discussion as to where on earth these gardens of the Hesperides might be located -- along with some consternation that Apollodorus seems to have located them in "the far north" rather than in the "far west" as the name "Hesperides" would seem to imply (the word has connections to the evening star or Venus when appearing in the west, rather than when appearing in the morning in the east). Most of the commercially grown apples that are yellow are chance seedlings or sports of other varieties. Crisp and crunchy with a flavorful, tart taste. In some versions (at least in the wonderfully-illustrated version of the Labors of Hercules presented in the Sullivan Programmed Reading workbooks I had the pleasure of reading in elementary school during the 1970s), Hercules actually prepares to shoulder the sky again after cutting the pads for his shoulders, before Athena helpfully reminds the hero not to fall for his own trick, and advises him not to take the burden of the heavens back from Atlas now that he has the Titan back where he belongs. image: Atlas bringing the golden apples to Heracles, who is temporarily holding up the sky, from the Temple to Zeus at Olympia, built between 472 BC and 456 BC. Other evidence for this identification is presented in Hamlet's Mill.

Hesperides, (Greek: “Daughters of Evening”) singular Hesperis, in Greek mythology, clear-voiced maidens who guarded the tree bearing golden apples that Gaea gave to Hera at her marriage to Zeus.According to Hesiod, they were the daughters of Erebus and Night; in other accounts, their parents were Atlas and Hesperis or Phorcys and Ceto. I present arguments in my first book, The Mathisen Corollary, that ancient myth and sacred tradition envisioned this central axis as a tall tree, which in many myths (such as the Gilgamesh epic) is cut down or otherwise unhinged to begin the motion of precession. Corrections? . Hesperides, (Greek: “Daughters of Evening”) singular Hesperis, in Greek mythology, clear-voiced maidens who guarded the tree bearing golden apples that Gaea gave to Hera at her marriage to Zeus. The golden apples were also guarded by the dragon Ladon, the offspring of Phorcys and Ceto. Some, like the Red or the Golden Delicious, are tried-and-true favorites in the United States; others, such as Cameo and Fuji, are relative newcomers to the apple scene. Many of these were actually discovered by accident but some were carefully bred to eliminate certain traits, such as blushing, for a perfectly yellow apple: Washington State and several other temperate regions in the United States are big apple producers but they aren’t the only place apples flourish. . One memorable Greek myth worthy of explication to further illustrate the undeniable stellar basis of the ancient sacred corpus comes from the Twelve Labors of Heracles (Roman Hercules): the mission to retrieve the golden apples of the Hesperides (the Eleventh Labor of Heracles). The best explanation for this punishment is that Atlas must be holding up the inside of the celestial sphere -- he is holding up the dome of the sky that we see when we look up into the heavens at night, a dome which revolves around a central point at the north celestial pole. plucking fruit might cause one to "surely die" . now where have we heard something about that before . Secondly, we note that the apples in this myth are guarded by a dragon -- and there is clearly a dragon which winds its way around the north celestial pole, in the form of the constellation Draco, the Dragon. . by David Warner Mathisen. As Ladon is the name of an Arcadian river, Arcadia was possibly the original site of the garden. His 1925 depiction of the Hesperides as reclining beneath the burdened figure of their father the Titan is significant, in that the constellation Virgo is located in just such a recumbent pose in relationship to Boötes: image: John Singer Sargent, Atlas and the Hesperides, Notice that the artist has depicted Atlas with one arm extended, and the hand of that single extended arm in a rather curious (albeit graceful) upturned angle -- exactly as if he were aware of the correspondence between Boötes and Atlas, and imagining the "pipe" of the constellation Bö. There aren’t very many of these tasty fruits, but the few yellow apple cultivars available really stand out. The illustration below shows how the general shape does seem to correlate to some degree: Note as an intriguing aside that the Farnese Globe in the second-century AD sculpture shown above is an important clue to the level of ancient astronomical knowledge, as discussed in this previous post from 2012.

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